October 29, 2008

Demystifying Medical Documentation


Medical Templates Demystifying Medical Documentation Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools A Quick Review of Medical Documentation Requirements Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Patient Encounters The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has published definitions and documentation guidelines for the key components of a medical encounter note, using CPT codes. Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Key Components of Documentation History Exam Medical Decision Making Counseling Coordination of Care Nature of Presenting Problem Time Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Key components in selecting the level of E/M services 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation & Management Services 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation & Management Services http://www.cms.hhs.gov/MLNProducts/Downloads/MASTER1.pdf http://www.cms.hhs.gov/MLNProducts/Downloads/MASTER1.pdf The History Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools History Components and Levels HPI Brief Brief Extended Extended ROS N/A Problem pertinent Extended Complete PFSH N/A N/A Pertinent Complete Type of History Problem Focused Expanded Problem Focused Detailed Comprehensive New patient evaluations MUST have at least a Detailed History Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools History of Present Illness EVERY encounter MUST contain a Chief Complaint! Preferentially stated in patients’ words Elements of HPI Location Brief Brief Quality Contains 1-3 elements listed Contains 1-3 elements listed Severity Extended Duration Extended Contains ≥ 4 elements Timing Contains ≥ 4 elements OR discusses 3 chronic or inactive conditions OR discusses 3 chronic or inactive conditions Context Modifying factors Associated Signs and Symptoms Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Review of Systems Constitutional Symptoms Eyes Ears, Nose, Mouth, Throat Cardiovascular Respiratory Gastrointestinal Musculoskeletal Integumentary (Skin, Breast) Neurological Psychiatric Endocrine Hematologic/Lymphatic Allergy/Immunologic Problem Pertinent Problem Pertinent Documents responses to the system Documents responses to the system directly related to the presenting directly related to the presenting problem problem Extended Extended Documents positive and negative Documents positive and negative responses to 2-9 systems related to responses to 2-9 systems related to the problem the problem Complete Complete Documents all positive and negative Documents all positive and negative responses to systems related to the responses to systems related to the presenting problem AND all other presenting problem AND all other systems (10 or more total) systems (10 or more total) Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Past, Family and Social History Past Medical History Illnesses, Operations, Injuries and Treatments Family Medical History Include heritable diseases and those that place the patient at increased risk Social History An age appropriate review of past and current activities Pertinent Pertinent Document at least item from ANY of the areas Document at least 11item from ANY of the 33areas must be directly related to the problems identified in the HPI ItItmust be directly related to the problems identified in the HPI Complete All initial inpatient services require a Complete PFSH Document at least 1 item from EACH of the 3 areas Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools The Exam Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Recognized Single Organ Systems Cardiovascular Ears, Nose, Mouth, Throat Detailed Detailed Eyes An extended exam of the affected body area An extended exam of the affected body area or organs/organ system and another Genitourinary (Female) or organs/organ system and another symptomatic or related area symptomatic or related area Genitourinary (Male) Hematologic/Lymphatic/Immunologic Musculoskeletal Comprehensive A general multi-system exam Neurologic A complete exam of an organ system and Psychiatric other related body areas or organ systems Respiratory Skin Most levels require a minimum of a Detailed Exam Most levels require a minimum of a Detailed Exam Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Multi-organ System Exam Detailed ≥3 vital signs BP, sitting or standing BP, supine Pulse, rate and regularity Respirations Temperature Height Weight ≥2 elements* of at least 6 organ systems or body areas examined OR ≥1 element of at least 12 organ systems Comprehensive ≥2 elements* in at least 9 organ systems or body areas *Refer to 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation & Management Services *Refer to 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation & Management Services Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Single Organ System Exam Detailed Document ≥12 elements* (NOT Eye and Psychiatric exams) Eye and Psych exams document ≥9 elements Comprehensive Document ALL elements* *Refer to 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation & Management Services *Refer to 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation & Management Services Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Elements of Individual Organ Systems Constitutional Vital signs General appearance of patient Nutrition, Body habitus, Development, Deformities, Grooming Cardiovascular Palpation of heart Auscultation Carotid artery exam Abdominal aorta exam Femoral arteries exam Pedal pulses exam Extremities for edema or varicosities Eyes Inspection of conjunctivae and lids Exam of pupils and irises Ophthalmoscopic exam of optic discs Ears, Nose, Mouth and Throat External inspection of ears and nose Otoscopic exam Assessment of hearing Inspection of nasal mucosa, septum, and turbinates Inspection of lips, teeth and gums Exam of oropharynx Chest (Breasts) Inspection Palpation Gastrointestinal Abdominal exam Liver and spleen exam Hernia presence or absence Anus, perineum, rectum exam Stool for occult blood 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation Management Services 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation && Management Services Neck Exam of neck Thyroid Respiratory Assessment of effort Percussion of chest Auscultation Palpation of chest Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Exam elements, continued Lymphatic Neck Axilla Groin Other Psychiatric Judgment and insight Orientation to person, time, place Memory, recent and remote Mood and affect Musculoskeletal Gait and station Inspection, palpation digits and nails Exam of bones, joints, muscles AND 1 or more Inspection or palpation Range of motion and presence/absence of pain Stability Muscle strength and tone Genitourinary Male Scrotal contents Penis Digital rectal exam of prostate gland Female External genitalia Urethra Bladder exam Cervix Uterus Adnexa/parametria 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation Management Services 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation && Management Services Skin Inspection Palpation Neurologic Cranial nerves Deep tendon reflexes Sensation Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Medical Decision Making Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Elements of Medical Decision Making • Number of diagnoses or Management Options • Amount or Complexity of data to be reviewed • Risk of Complications, Morbidity or Mortality Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Complexity of Medical Decision Making Number of Diagnoses Or Management Options Minimal Limited Multiple Extensive Amount or Complexity of Data to be Reviewed Minimal or None Limited Moderate Extensive Risk of Complications Morbidity or Mortality Minimal Low Moderate High Complexity of Decision Making Straightforward Low Moderate High out of elements must be met 22out of 33elements must be met 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation Management Services 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation && Management Services Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Worksheets Calculating Documentation Levels HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet CMS Medicare Part CMS Medicare Part BB Adapted from Adapted from Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools History HPI: Status of chronic conditions □ 1-2 □ 3 □1 condition □2 conditions □3 conditions HPI elements □Location □Severity □Timing □Modifying factors □Quality □Duration □Context □Associated signs & symptoms Review of Systems □Constitutional □ENT □GI □Skin, Breast □Endo/Lymph □Eyes □CV □MS □Neuro □Aller/Immun □Resp □Psych □All others negative PFSH □Past History □Family History □Social History Problem Focused □ Brief 1-3 □ Extended 4 or more □ None □ Pertinent to Problem 1 system □ Extended 2-9 Systems □ Complete 10 or more Systems □ None Expanded Problem Focused □ Pertinent 1 Detailed □ Complete 2 or 3 Comprehensive Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Examination Body Areas □Head, Face □Chest, Breasts, Axilla □Abdomen □Neck □Back, Spine □Genitalia, Groin, Buttocks □Each Extremity Organ Systems □Constitutional □ENT □Resp □MS □GI □Skin □GU □Psych □CV □Eyes □Heme/Lymph □Neuro Problem Focused Expanded Problem Focused □ 1 Body Area or System □ Up to 7 Body Areas or Systems □ Up to 7 Body Areas or Systems □ 8 or more Body Areas or Systems Detailed Comprehensive Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Medical Decision Making Reminder: There are 3 components used to determine the complexity of medical decision making • Number of diagnoses or Management Options • Amount or Complexity of data to be reviewed • Risk of Complications, Morbidity or Mortality Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Number of Diagnoses or Treatment Options Complexity of Medical Decision Making A Problem status Self-limited or minor Established problem (to examiner) Stable or improved B Number Max = 2 x C Points = D Result 1 1 2 Established problem (to examiner) Worsening New problem (to examiner) No additional workup planned Max = 1 3 4 New problem (to examiner) Additional workup planned Total Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Amount and/or Complexity of Data Reviewed Complexity of Medical Decision Making Reviewed Data Clinical lab tests reviewed and/or ordered Review and/or order of tests from radiology section of CPT Review and/or order of tests from medicine section of CPT Discussion of test results with performing physician Decision to obtain history from source other than patient Review and summarization of history obtained from source other than patient Independent visualization of image, tracing or specimen (NOT reviewing report) Points Result 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 TOTAL Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Guide to Determining Risk of Complications Complexity of Medical Decision Making Risk Minimal Presenting Problem -1 self-limited or minor problem Dx Procedure Ordered -Venipuncture -X-rays -EKG -EEG -Urinalysis -ECHO -Physiologic tests NOT under stress i.e., PFTs -Noncardiovascular imaging studies + contrast Barium enema -Superficial needle biopsies -Clinical lab tests requiring arterial puncture -Skin biopsies -Physiologic tests under stress Cardiac stress test Cardiopulmonary exercise test -Diagnostic endoscopies with NO risk factors -Deep needle or incisional biopsy -Cardiovascular imaging studies with contrast NO identifiable risk factors Cardiac catheterization -Obtaining body cavity fluid Thoracentesis -Cardiovascular imaging studies + Risk factors -Cardiac electro-physiologic tests -Diagnostic endoscopies + Risk factors -Discography Management Options Selected -Rest -Gargles -Elastic bandages Low -2 or more self-limited or minor problems -1 stable, well- controlled chronic illness -Acute uncomplicated illness or injury -OTC drugs -Minor surgery without identified risk factors -Physical therapy -Occupational therapy -IV fluids without additives Moderate -Mild exacerbation of 1 or more chronic illnesses -2 or more stable, chronic illnesses -Previously undiagnosed NEW problem with uncertain prognosis (i.e., breast lump) -Acute illness with systemic symptoms -Acute complicated injury -Minor surgery WITH identified risk factors -Elective major surgery with NO identified risk factors -Prescription drug management -Therapeutic nuclear medicine -IV fluids with additives -Closed treatment of fracture High -Severe exacerbation or progression of 1 or more chronic illnesses -Acute or chronic illness or injury that threatens life or limb -Abrupt change in neurologic status -Elective surgery + Risk factors -Emergency Major surgery -Parenteral controlled substances -Drug therapy requiring intensive monitoring -Decision to not resuscitate or to de-escalate care due to poor prognosis The highest level in ANY category determines the overall risk The highest level in ANY category determines the overall risk 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation Management Services 1997 Guidelines for Evaluation && Management Services Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Final Determination Complexity of Medical Decision Making A B C Number of diagnoses or treatment options Highest risk ≤1 Minimal Minimal 2 Limited Low 3 Multiple Moderate ≥4 Extensive High Amount and complexity of data reviewed ≤1 Minimal or Low 2 Limited Low Complexity 3 Multiple Moderate Complexity ≥4 Extensive High Complexity Type of decision making Straightforward Circle the appropriate descriptions for Rows A, B, C Circle the appropriate descriptions for Rows A, B, C The Column with or 3 circles determines the final Complexity of Medical Decision Making The Column with 22 or 3 circles determines the final Complexity of Medical Decision Making Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Determining Overall Service Levels Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Inpatient Encounters Initial Hospital Encounter Or Observation Requires 3 components within shaded area Subsequent Inpatient Or Follow up Requires 2 components History Examination Complexity of medical decision LEVEL Init Hosp Care Observation D or C D or C SF/L I 99221 99218 C C M II 99222 99219 C C H III 99223 99220 PF PF SF/L I 99231 99261 EPF EPF M II 99232 99262 D D H III 99233 99263 C = Complete D = Detailed EPF = Extended problem focused H = High M = Moderate PF = Problem focused SF/L = Straight forward/Low C = Complete D = Detailed EPF = Extended problem focused H = High M = Moderate PF = Problem focused SF/L = Straight forward/Low Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Outpatient, Consults (Outpatient, Inpatient) and ER New Office / Consult / ER Requires 3 components within shaded area Established Office Requires 2 components History PF ER: PF EPF ER: EPF D ER: EPF C ER: D C ER: C Examination Complexity of medical decision LEVEL New Pt Outpt Consult Inpt Consult ER PF ER: PF EPF ER: EPF D ER: EPF C ER: D C ER: C SF ER: SF SF ER: L L ER: M M ER: M H ER: H Minimal problem that may not require presence of physician PF PF SF II -212 EPF EPF L III -213 D D M IV -214 C C H V -215 I 99-201 99-241 99-251 99-281 II -202 -242 -252 --282 III -203 -243 -253 -283 IV -204 -244 -254 -284 V -205 -245 -255 -285 I 99211 Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Documenting Time As a Determinant of Level of Service “If the physician documents total time and suggests that counseling or coordinating care dominates (more than 50%) the encounter, time may determine level of service. Documentation may refer to: prognosis, differential diagnosis, risks, benefits of treatment, instructions, compliance, risk reduction or discussion with another health care provider.” Does documentation reveal total time? Time: Face to face in outpatient setting Unit/floor in inpatient setting □Yes □No □Yes □No □Yes □No Does documentation describe the content of counseling or coordinating care Does documentation reveal that more than half the time was counseling or coordinating care? Documentation of Time requires that ALL of the answers to the above questions are YES Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Adapted from CMS Medicare Part B HGSAdministrators Documentation Worksheet Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Summary Examples Documentation Requirements Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Initial Hospital Care Must meet ALL criteria 99223 Comprehensive History and Exam High complexity Medical decision making 99222 Comprehensive History and Exam Moderate complexity Medical decision making 99221 Detailed OR Comprehensive History and Exam Straightforward or Low Complexity Medical decision making Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Initial Inpatient Consultation Must meet ALL criteria 99255 Comprehensive History AND Exam High complexity medical decision making 99254 Comprehensive History AND Exam Moderate complexity medical decision making 99253 Detailed History AND Exam Low complexity medical decision making Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools New Outpatient Encounter Not a Consult Must meet ALL criteria 99205 Comprehensive History and Exam High complexity medical decision making 99204 Comprehensive History and Exam Moderate complexity medical decision making 99203 Detailed History and Exam Low complexity medical decision making Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools New Outpatient Consult Must meet all criteria 99245 Comprehensive History Comprehensive Exam High complexity medical decision making 99244 Comprehensive History Comprehensive Exam Moderate complexity medical decision making 99243 Detailed History Detailed Exam Low complexity medical decision making Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools Established Outpatient Encounter Must meet 2 out of 3 criteria 99215 Comprehensive History Comprehensive Exam High complexity medical decision making 99214 Detailed History Detailed Exam Moderate complexity medical decision making 99213 Expanded Problem Focused History Expanded Problem Focused Exam Low complexity medical decision making Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools We hope you found this presentation helpful! Remember to thank all the patient and knowledgeable billing and coding specialists who make themselves available to answer your questions in more detail! Created by The Lung Doctor for e-Medtools

No comments: